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Health– Glossary

Glossary

AAPC  American Association of Poison Control Centers

Acetaminophen  A drug that elevates the body’s pain threshold and lowers fever. The most widely used pain reliever in the United States

Active Ingredient  The drug component(s) of a medicine

Analgesics  This category of drugs relieves pain

Anti-inflammatory  This category of drugs reduces inflammation, redness, swelling, warmth and pain (NSAID)

Antipyretics  This category of drugs reduces fever

API  Active pharmaceutical ingredient

Aspirin  One of the oldest OTC pain relievers on the market, it works by slowing down the body’s production of a pain-causing substance called “prostaglandin”

Brand Name Drug  A brand name drug sold with a trademark-protected name

Buffered  A pain reliever that contains an antacid to reduce the amount of acid in your stomach

Diuretic  Drug that causes increased urination

DXM Dextromethorphan is an over-the-counter cough suppressant found in cold medications (and a drug often abused by teens)

Dose (dosage)  The amount of medicine to take

Drug  A substance for treatment, or prevention, of disease; intended to affect the structure or a function of the body

Drug Facts Label  OTC drugs are required to have this label on the product package so that consumers can easily find the product information. Components of the label include:

Active ingredient  Drug(s) the medicine contains

Directions  How much to take, when to take

Inactive ingredients  What is in the medicine in addition to the drug

Purposes  What the drug is for

Uses  What problems the drug can treat

Warnings  Who should not take the medicine; problems to watch for

 

Drug Interactions  When one drug interacts with another it changes the way one or both of the drugs work in the body and can cause unexpected, and sometimes dangerous, side effects

DUI  Driving under the influence

DUID  Driving under the influence of drugs

DWI  Driving while impaired

Emetic  Drug that causes vomiting

Enteric-coated  A special coating allows pills to pass undigested through your stomach and dissolve in your small intestine, which helps prevent or reduce stomach irritation

Excipient  The active ingredient in a drug is suspended in this inactive ingredient

Extra-strength Drugs  Drugs that contain more active ingredient than regular-strength products do

FDA  Food and Drug Administration, the Federal agency that is responsible for assuring the safety and effectiveness of drugs

Generic Drug  A drug that is the same as a brand name drug in dosage, safety, strength, how it is taken, quality, performance, and intended use

GRAS/E Generally recognized as safe and effective

Hepatotoxicity  Toxic to the liver, liver poisoning

Ibuprofen  A common non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), it works by blocking the production of substances in the body that cause pain and inflammation

Legend Drug  Another name for a prescription drug

Medicine  See Drug

Naproxen Sodium  A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that works by blocking the production of substances in the body that cause pain and inflammation

NSAID  Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin or ibuprofen

OTC  Over-the-counter, medicines that are sold without a prescription from a health care professional

Pharmacy  Drugstore

Prescription Drug Product  A licensed drug product that requires a doctor’s authorization and prescription to purchase

Reye’s Syndrome  Serious disorder affecting children after a viral infection; associated with aspirin

Robotripping   A slang term for the abuse of cough syrup

Rx  Indicates a prescription drug

Side Effects  Unwanted or unexpected effects from a medicine

Skittling  A slang term for the abuse of cough syrup and cold medicine

Strength  How much of the active ingredient is present in each dose

Timed-release  Also called extended-release or sustained-release, these drugs dissolve slowly over time, allowing the active ingredient to work over many hours